Mogok:  Known as the Valley of Rubies, Mogok is located 200 kilometers north of Mandalay. Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire and other semi-precious stones.  Beside Ruby mine and local gem markets - visitors to Mogok can explore ethnic groups dwelling around area such as Lishu, Li-Shaw, Palaung and to see their ways of life.